What is Hemp?
Hemp includes all varieties of the Cannabis genus that contain negligible amounts of THC, the chemical that makes marijuana psychoactive and gets you “high”. The Cannabis family has several different breeds, yet it is most infamously known for marijuana (“weed”). This is the main reason why people confuse the term . Hemp actually refers to the industrial, non-drug variant that is cultivated for its fiber, hurd, and seeds.
Although Marijuana and Hemp come from the same plant, the process to cultivate the two plants and the environments required are also very different. During their 60 to 90-day growth-cycle, Marijuana plants are planted with ample space between each plant (they’re often grown 6-feet apart), and in order to properly cultivate, Marijuana plants require a carefully maintained, warm and humid climate. In stark comparison again, Hemp plants are grown closely together (often as close as 4-inches apart), and can be grown in a variety of different climates with a growth cycle between 108 to 120 days.
While Marijuana contains high amounts of THC — the intoxicating compound found in THC, responsible for “getting you high” — Hemp has a very low amount of THC. The difference in THC-content is also the primary factor in the legality of each plant. Because marijuana has a high amount of THC, its usage, sales, and cultivation are only legal in a few states. Hemp, on the other hand, is typically legal based on several factors.
Primary Uses of Hemp
Hemp uses include human food. You can use it in quite a few recipes. Because of its health benefits, humans can consume it. You can make salad oil using hemp. Hemp seeds are eaten in the same way you eat regular nuts. You can add hemp seeds to your cake batter to produce baked goods. Hemp is high in essential fatty acids and amino acids. These are important to your diet. You can crush the hemp seed and make oil or flour.
Pet Food and Bedding
The hemp plant can be used in pet food since it has so many healthy proteins. When given to cats, it makes their coats shiny and healthy. It can also be used as a dietary supplement for nourishing dogs, cows and horses. Hemp seeds are also enjoyed by birds. Hemp uses also include pet bedding for animals such as guinea pigs, rats and other rodents. It is good to use in cat litter.
Body Oil and Lotions
The hemp plant is known for containing oils used in body lotions and essential oils. It has an EFA content, which aids in the regeneration of cracked and dry skin. It is an amazing moisturizer.
Oil Based Products
Hemp uses include oil for candles, lanterns and paint. The oil from hemp is used to make any oil based products. Paint is one of them. In fact, when used to make paint, you will find that the paint job last much longer. Hemp oil is non-toxic and not harmful to the environment.