What's The Difference Between CBD Oil And THC?

What's The Difference Between CBD Oil And THC?

With marijuana becoming legal in more and more states, interest is also growing in hemp, a close cousin of marijuana. While both are often lumped into the same category, especially under federal law, they are very different.

Hemp is popular because it’s a very diverse product that has multiple uses. Among them is an extract called cannabidiol (CBD). The popularity of CBD has been skyrocketing lately because people are discovering its health benefits and uses as a treatment for different diseases.

Differences Between CBD Oil And THC

Because marijuana and hemp are in the same family, there’s a lot of confusion about the differences between THC and CBD . Many think both are derived from the marijuana plant and that both will get the user high. CBD is actually derived as an extract from hemp, coming from one of the many different cannabinoid compounds. CBD should not be confused with Hemp Extract Oil, as they are different. Though both Hemp Extract Oil and CBD come from the same hemp plant.

Surprisingly, both CBD and THC have an almost identical chemical structure. But there is a tiny difference that’s big enough to completely change the way each compound affects the brain. First, THC is the psychoactive compound found in marijuana. THC is responsible for making users feel high, relaxed, and laid back. It acts by binding to the cannabinoid 1 receptor in the brain. CBD, on the other hand, has a very, very weak bind to the cannabinoid 1 receptor. This means that CBD will not get a user high.

Health Effects

The popularity of CBD is on the rise because of its known health benefits. CBD has actually become a very effective treatment for a rare form of pediatric epilepsy. It also can help relieve symptoms such as pain, anxiety, intestinal inflammation, and more. And it’s worth mentioning again that people who use CBD for its medicinal benefits are not getting high.

THC is synonymous with getting high. But it can actually do a lot more than just make you feel good. THC is known to help reduce nausea/vomiting, increase appetite, help with insomnia, and more. The problem with THC is that it’s still not widely available to the general population. Even in states where medical marijuana is legal, a doctor’s prescription is still required if the patient has a qualifying condition. Prescriptions can be hard to get since many doctors will not prescribe medical marijuana because it’s still illegal on the federal level. The US Farm Bill only legalized industrial hemp, not marijuana.

CBD Oil And The Law

Unfortunately, CBD has long been classified as an illegal substance under federal law. The Drug Enforcement Agency even classified CBD as a Schedule 1 drug, lumping it into the same category as LSD and heroin. But in late 2018 a new US farm bill was passed and signed into law that has effectively made both hemp and hemp-derived CBD legal, effectively aligning federal law with the more than 40 states where CBD has already been legal for many years.

THC, on the other hand, hasn’t been so lucky. It currently remains illegal under federal law, despite being legal for medical use in over half of the fifty states. A handful of states have legalized recreational marijuana over the last few years, but businesses selling marijuana products in those states do so at their own risk since THC remains an illegal substance at the federal level.

CBD Popularity Growth

There’s no doubt that CBD is growing in popularity and will continue to become even more popular because of its newfound legal status with the US government. In fact, one cannabis data analytics company, New Frontier Data, predicts that CBD alone will become a multi-billion dollar business by 2022.